Dealing with Uneven Skin Tone: Here’s What You Can Do

Dealing with Uneven Skin Tone: Here’s What You Can Do

An uneven skin tone can take away the confidence and charm of a beautiful face.

But, What causes this uneven skin tone? Can we make skin tone even and bright at the same time?

Do these questions worry you?

Don’t worry, with effective methodology, you can achieve your desired skin.

Understanding the root cause and creating the right skincare regimen can inhibit tyrosinase activity and help you achieve a brighter and even skin tone over time.

Uneven skin tone is also known as hyperpigmentation which can occur in the form of acne scarring, sunspots, age spots, and ageing-related pigmentation. It can happen to all ages and skin colours.

Did you know we all have different numbers of melanin cells in our skin which can severely impact our skin tone and texture? Your skin gets the colour from melanin which is either overproduced or underproduced at times or any inflammation which is referred as Hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation.

Skin starts losing its tone when the damage starts happening at a cellular level which can happen due to multiple reasons!!

Let's take a look at the causes of uneven skin tone:

  • Sun Exposure: Do you know every time your skin comes in contact with UV rays, tyrosinase cells are activated and secretes melanin accordingly? Your skin colour and tone are usually decided by the amount of melanin produced. Make sure whether indoors or outdoors you need to apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen to fix your skin.
  • Hormonal Imbalance: According to the AFP (American Family Physician), hormonal fluctuations can trigger or disturb melanin secretion and lead to conditions like puberty, melasma, chloasma (mask of pregnancy) or pigmentation caused by metabolic conditions like PCOD, Thyroid and Diabetes as well.
  • Environmental Damage: Environmental pollutants can penetrate the skin causing oxidative stress and inflammation, this can create a stressed skin leading to uneven and dull skin further leading to premature ageing at a faster rate.
  • Genetics: You might be more prone to pigmentation issues if it was observed in the hierarchy. Genetic factors decide your skin concerns, skin type, and skin cell distribution at the same time.
  • Dehydration: Lack of moisture and hydration in your skin can make your skin look dull and patchy. Make sure to give it the right type of moisturiser externally or humectants and also internally one must hydrate themselves with at least 3-4 litres of water.

Ingredients Suitable For Uneven Skin Tone

  1. Vitamin C: Incorporating Vitamin C into your skincare regimen can help in achieving an even skin tone. Vitamin C inhibits the production of tyrosinase enzyme which further suppresses the overproduction of melanin thus preventing any type of hyperpigmentation. Vitamin C also comprises anti-ageing properties like inducing collagen, stabilizing collagen fibres, and decreasing melanin. One of the drawbacks of vitamin C serum is how quickly it gets oxidized and loses its effectiveness.
    FCL offers a decent range of Vitamin C that can help you achieve improved skin texture and even skin tone.
    FCL Multivitamin Face Mask is enriched with Vitamin B, C, E & F, potent antioxidants, and moisturizers that can rescue tired and stressed skin.
    FCL “C” Scape 25 Serum helps the growth and regeneration of skin cells with 25% of a stabilized form of Vitamin C.
    Vitamin C in FCL “C” Scape Cleanser restores radiance and vitality in dull, environmentally damaged skin as it lifts away impurities.
  2. Alpha Arbutin: A highly underrated ingredient is alpha arbutin. Alpha arbutin is a molecule which is extracted from bearberry, and you will find alpha arbutin mentioned in the ingredient list in most serums, moisturisers, facewashes, and masks. The cookie here is alpha arbutin works very well in reducing dark spots & can be safely used by sensitive skin type populations. Alpha arbutin shares good chemistry with vitamin C and works effectively in summer. Alpha arbutin can be used twice a day along with the right moisturiser and a broad spectrum of SPF in the regimen.
    FCL offers a wide range of Alpha Arbutin that can help you achieve improved skin texture and even skin tone.
    FCL Skin Brightening Complex is an exclusive skin brightening formulation containing Alpha Arbutin which not only lightens the overall skin tone rather, creates an even skin tone by reducing overactive areas of the skin.
    FCL AHA Lightening Gel: An innovative skin-lightening treatment, which gently removes the dead, darkened cells and promotes a lighter skin tone.
  3. Gentle Exfoliation: Exfoliation can help remove the dead cells and even out the skin texture. Did you know if you have fine and smooth skin this can further reflect the sunrays rather than getting it scattered on the face?
    A gentle exfoliation is required via AHA, BHA or PHA once in two weeks and is a must for the skin.
    Exfoliation can further help you minimize the pores, even out skin tone and fade away fine lines and wrinkles over time
  4. Be consistent with your sunscreen: Did you know when the sun's rays meet our skin, an enzyme called tyrosinase gets activated and further starts overproducing melanin which damages the skin and gives rise to conditions like melasma, age spots, freckles and premature ageing? SPF 30 or above can reduce the chances of skin darkening and skin damage. A physical sunscreen does not absorb any energy or make heat which further can prevent darkening or tanning of the skin.
    FCL Chemfree SPF 50 Sunscreen is a non-nano physical sunscreen, that provides broad-spectrum protection against both UVA & UVB rays. It contains physical blockers such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.
    FCL Chemfree SPF 30 Sunscreen offers broad-spectrum protection against both UVA & UVB rays. Containing the micronized form of physical blockers like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.
  5. Chemical peels: Chemical peels can be a way to exfoliate dead skin cells in a faster and gentler manner mandelic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, and TCA peels can help. Make sure you don't self-prescribe these peels instead consult a dermatologist before planning a chemical peel treatment.

Conclusion: Uneven skin tone is not a problem anymore there are miracle active ingredients in FCL that can help become a saviour for your skin to resolve issues like hyperpigmentation, age spots, freckles and PIH-like conditions. Make sure to speak to your doctor and start a prescription-based skincare regimen. Along with these activities, Lifestyle management is a must!

Medically Reviewed by:
Dr Samridhi Sharma
(Skin Expert & Clinical Research Associate at FCL)